Sunday / May 19

STEM-Infusing the Elementary Classroom Part 3: Fostering Teacher Buy-In

Miranda Reagan: Stem-Infusing the Elementary Classroom

If you read Part 1 and Part 2, you’ve seen evidence of the dramatic instructional shift that has taken place in our school toward STEM-infusing our elementary classrooms. I won’t pretend that we’ve arrived at some extraordinary final goal, that we have it all figured out, or that our staff is completely comfortable with this drastic pedagogical change. However, in this now two-year-old process, we are further along in the transition than we expected to be. In fact, I can confidently say that every teacher has moved in this direction whether by leaps and bounds or by cautious baby steps, and we have been careful to maintain that progress is our only expectation. In doing this, we’ve found that our teachers have not only discovered the value of STEM-integration, but also implemented it willingly. Because of that, I’ve frequently been asked this question: How do you get teacher buy-in? In this final post, I’ll share several factors that I believe played a role in developing a culture of acceptance for STEM-infusing the elementary classroom.


In our school system, the concept of STEM was first introduced by adding a STEM lab to each school. At the elementary level, the students attended STEM once a week as part of their special areas schedule. As the STEM teacher, I planned and implemented cross-curricular STEM lessons, giving students a baseline understanding of the STEM habits of mind, as well as the impact STEM could have on their futures. Students, who were quickly engaged by the interactive lessons, embraced STEM immediately. As students began to excitedly share what they were doing in STEM class with their homeroom teachers, it opened the door for conversation among the faculty. In this regard, the fact that our district administration believed in the importance of STEM enough to fund a position for a STEM teacher was the first step in getting our teachers to buy in. The teachers felt they had the resources and support from the administration, instead of a mandated program.

Parent involvement:

In the very early days of our STEM class, it occurred to us that parent involvement would be our most precious resource. Therefore, we compiled an email contact list of all parents who were willing to volunteer in STEM class or help us gather resources for the STEM lab. We also created a blog where we posted pictures of students doing their STEM projects. As a result of these two forms of communication with parents, we had dozens of parents volunteering regularly, we collected an abundance of materials (everything from cardboard tubes to Legos), and our parent-teacher organization even raised enough money to purchase 10 iPads for the STEM lab. Just by publicizing what we were doing and bringing parents on board, a tone of appreciation and support for STEM became a part of our school’s culture.

Goal setting:

At the beginning of our second year of having a STEM class in the school, a colleague and I introduced the concept of STEM integration to the faculty. We had learned about a high school where students were presented with a challenge or scenario at the beginning of a semester and all content area teachers helped students gain pieces of information needed to design a solution throughout the term. We felt that this same concept could be applied at the elementary level but within a shorter time frame. After casting a vision for STEM-infusion, highlighting the need to teach 21st century skills, and providing sample STEM-infused lessons, each teacher set a goal for the year. Some wanted to observe STEM-integration in other classrooms, others agreed to try a project or two, while still others planned to implement STEM-infusion on a regular basis. Again, the expectation was not that the teachers met a minimum requirement, but that they would take steps toward moving in that direction. Consequently, most were further along in the process at the end of the year than they originally intended to be.

Sharing resources and providing support:

At this point in the transition, the STEM classroom became a resource for teachers. They came to borrow materials, to brainstorm ideas, to plan lessons, etc. In one particularly exciting incident, a teacher who was very concerned about transforming her instruction came to me for help. We sat down together and looked at the material she would be teaching and began to co-plan a unit using the conceptual approach (discussed in part one). I spent short blocks of time over the next couple of days in her classroom, sometimes teaching while she observed, and others supporting her while she taught. The very next week, I walked into her classroom to find her students participating in a new STEM-infused lesson that she had designed. With a little bit of scaffolding, she developed the confidence to step outside of the way she had always taught.

Teacher trust and autonomy:

This last element that continues to foster teacher buy-in with STEM-infusion has been essential. Our school administrators trust in the professional skills of the teachers. They give us the freedom to make instructional decisions based on the individual needs of our students. They lead us by complimenting our strengths and making helpful suggestions to improve our weaknesses. Because of that, we have not felt pressure to make sweeping changes all at once. Instead, we have felt supported as we have tweaked and tested STEM-infusion. This atmosphere of trust and autonomy is a prerequisite for positive change.

Perhaps these factors contributing to the success we have had so far with teacher buy-in are not all together unique to STEM-integration. Many of them would work for any school transition that requires a mindset shift for all stakeholders. As far as we have come, we have forever to go. This process is part of a limitless transition towards more student-centered, thought-inspiring, and challenge-based learning opportunities for our students.

Written by

Miranda Reagan worked two years as a STEM teacher and technology coordinator at Sam Houston Elementary School in Maryville, TN. In this capacity, she has designed and implemented lessons for a K–3 STEM lab and mentored teachers in “STEM-infusing” their classrooms. Last year, Miranda was a full-time instructional coach where she served as a resource to teachers for STEM-infusion and technology integration. Because of her passion for children, she moved back into the classroom to teach 3rd grade, using the STEM-infusion method of instruction in a 1:1 iPad classroom. Miranda Reagan’s book entitled STEM-Infusing the Elementary Classroom will be available from Corwin in March 2016.

Latest comments

  • Hi Miranda! I’m so excited I stumbled across your Pinterest page which led me to your school page of STEM activities. I’ve taught 4th gr in Georgia for 22 years. My daughter is a mechanical eng major at GA Tech and is my inspiration for getting kids involved in STEM activities. I implemented some in my class at the end of last year, after getting all the core taught for testing…UGH!!!! This year our school will have an after school program and I will be the exploratory teacher. I’ve chosen to use STEM as our enrichment. I’m a tad nervous because I will have 1st – 5th grade classes…at different times of course. We have very little money and the selected students for this program are below grade level. Thank you for sharing your activities from the school web page and if you know of any other lessons that are available free online, please let me know. Thank you for your help!

    • Hi Cindy!
      I am so glad you found my page of STEM activities! For anyone else who is looking, that can be found at A lot of the ideas I used were inspired by things I found on Pinterest. However, I think that the most beneficial projects are the ones that I designed by thinking of a way that given standards are applied in the real world and then challenging students to solve a problem related to that real world application. Good luck with your program! It sounds fantastic!

  • Hello everyone!
    The colleague I mentioned above is Dee Dulin (@sheteach1st), a wonderful first grade teacher with amazing STEM-infusion. Check out her resources as well:
    Also, the inspiring high school that I mentioned above is STEM School Chattanooga: Principal Tony Donen (@TonyDonen) sat on a panel at last year’s Tennessee STEM Leadership Academy and his description of his school changed the conversation for us… From STEM as a subject to STEM as a teaching model.
    If you are looking for great models of STEM-infusion, I would suggest these two!

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